We live in malaria endemic region where the high burden of malaria in terms of economic, health, social standing is unparalleled.
What causes malaria ?
Malaria is caused by the plasmodium parasite which is transmitted to people through the bite of an infected female anopheles mosquitoes.
In 2019, there were an estimated 229 million cases of malaria worldwide.The same year, the estimated number of malaria deaths stood at 409 000.
Children aged under 5 years are the most vulnerable group affected by malaria; in 2019, they accounted for 67% (that is 274 000) of all malaria deaths worldwide.
The African Region carries a disproportionately high share of the global malaria burden. In 2019, the region accounted for over 94% of malaria cases and deaths.
WHO reports that 6 countries accounted for approximately half of all malaria deaths worldwide with Nigeria leading the course, followed by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, United Republic of Tanzania , Burkina Faso, Mozambique and Niger.
Symptoms and it’s complications
Malaria is an acute febrile illness. In a non-immune individual, symptoms usually appear 10–15 days after the infective mosquito bite. The first symptoms – fever, headache, and chills – may be mild and difficult to recognize as malaria. If not treated within 24 hours, P. falciparum malaria can progress to severe illness, often leading to death.
Children with severe malaria frequently develop one or more of the following symptoms: severe anaemia, respiratory distress in relation to metabolic acidosis, or cerebral malaria.
In adults, multi-organ failure is also frequent. In malaria endemic areas, people may develop partial immunity, allowing asymptomatic infections to occur.
Prevention and control
We can reduce incidence of malaria by keeping our surroundings clean, draining of any water lodge, clearing surrounding bushes. Use of insecticides, and sleeping under insecticide treated mosquito net, among many others.
When diagnosed with malaria, it is important to complete your prescribed treatment regimen. Do not share your drugs with anyone or discard it because you feel better after taking a dose or 2. The development of resistant malaria posses a great challenge in the fight to prevent, treat and possibly. Eradicate malaria