Inculcating competence into youths and young adults is a vital process in the building of formidable young social strata.

Competence is a combination of practical and theoretical knowledge, cognitive skills, behavior, and values used to improve performance. It could also be said to mean a state or quality of being adequately or well qualified, having the ability to perform a specific role.

It is the ability of an individual to perform or do a given task properly and it is what drives achievement in incremental pattern.

The relatively complexing nature of the daily challenges we face as regard the economic, cultural, technological and socio-political trend of our society is one that requires even matching with competence.

It is of great importance to inculcate this act of competence into the youth if they are to be adept in handling matters of significance.

Instilling competence in the youths raises their awareness, curiosity and interest in learning about what works and what does not and why it doesn’t. That is to say that when competence finds its roots in the youths, it raises their confidence on the technicality involved in doing things.

Inculcating this competence into them is an all encompassing task that requires the inputs of classroom teachers, administrators, community leaders, researchers, policy makers, government itself and most especially parents and guardians and the youth themselves and also various other organization with interest in proper youthful development.

Competence requires multiple set skills involving learning, thinking, innovation, such as thinking creatively and using system, to skills associated with life and careers, such as designing, evaluating, managing one’s own work for ongoing improvement and adapting to changes.

The youths requires cognitive and social emotional competence which is an essential developmental task that lay the foundation for forming an independent identity and having a productive, responsible and satisfying adulthood.

This competence will include:
Executive functioning – involved in this are:
Cognitive flexibility – Seeing alternative solutions to problems and being able to shift perspective.
Future orientation – Thinking about the potential consequences of one’s behavior and choices.
Cognitive self regulation – Exercising control over thinking
Emotional Self regulation – Exercising control over feelings.
Behavioral Self Control – Staying on task even in the face of distractions.
Planning – Having a goal and using reasoning to develop a strategy.
Working Memory- Following instruction sequentially and holding information in mind while engaging in another task/activity.

Self awareness:- A growing understanding about one’s developmental history and needs.

Self Concept:- A stable positive identify

Self-Esteem: overall good feeling about oneself.

Self efficacy: realistic beliefs about one’s capabilities

Self compassion: beings kind to oneself when confronting personal failings and suffering.

Self Improvement and Mastery- Committing to and preparing to achieve productive goals.

Personal Agency – taking responsibility for one’s self and one’s decisions and having confidence to overcome obstacles.

Character strengths (e.g persistence, handwork, gratitude, respect, integrity).

Positive emotion (e.g joy, love, hope, optimism, trust, faith, compassion).

To achieve competence in the youth there is need for nurturing adult support and the school system should be greatly involved in the systematic implementation of this all important need for the youths and young adults.

Building youths who are competent is fundamental to moulding a prospective adult with efficient qualities needed to serve the society and pivot it to higher height among other things. A competent youth is an asset to the community and the value is such that do not depreciate readily so long as the competent nature remains.

Competence drives the chart for achievement on a positive course. The level of competence determines the level of achievement one gets. Someone who is competent in carrying out a defined goal produces an immeasurable result that could surpass that which is expected of him or her.

It gives the energy to undertake a seemingly difficult task and with the confidence it inspires, one finds a complexing challenges less difficult to surmount and this is exactly the kind of attitude that should be the aim if the youths are to be positioned for the greater good in terms of effectiveness in breaking barriers and making progress.

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