Health Consequences Of Female Genital Mutilation

WHAT IS FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION

Female genital mutilation comprises of all procedures that involves the partial or complete removal of the female external genitalia or any injury to the female external organ for non medical reasons.

It has no health benefits for women rather it has a lot of complications which could be immediate or long term complications


Imager Source

According to data from world health organization (WHO), more than 200 million girls and women alive today have been cut in 30 countries in Africa, the Middle East and Asia where female genital mutilation is concentrated

It is often carried out on girls between infancy and adolescence but has also been noted to be carried out on adult females in some cases

TYPES OF FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION

Type I –  involves partial or total removal of the clitoris and/or the removal of the prepuce(clitoral hood)

Type II – involves partial or total removal of the clitoris and the labia minora with or without removal of the labia majora

Type III – Also called infibulations. It involves partial or total removal of the labia

minora and majora with or without removal of the clitoris. The remaining labial tissues are then reapproximated, leaving a small anterior opening for the passage of urine and a similar posterior opening for the passage of blood. This bridge of scar tissue results in a narrowed introitus.

Type IV –  This includes all other harmful procedures to the female genitalia for non-medical purposes, e.g. pricking, piercing, incising, scraping and cauterizing the genital area.

COMPLICATIONS OF FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION

Female genital mutilation has a lot of complications which could be immediate or long term complications

For immediate complications

  • Severe pain
  • Excessive bleeding
  • Poor wound healing
  • Infections such as tetanus
  • Injury to other surrounding tissues
  • Shock
  • Death

For long term complications;

  • Recurrent urinary tract infection
  • Pain at urination
  • Pain at menstruation
  • Difficulty passing menstrual blood
  • Vaginal infections
  • Poor sexual satisfaction
  • Pain at intercourse
  • Scar formation
  • Increase risk of child birth complications
  • Chronic pain
  • Infertility
  • And more

Psychological complications

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Post traumatic stress disorder
  • Low self esteem

Economically – high cost of treatment of the above complications. WHO estimates that the treatment of health complications of female genital mutilation in 27 high prevalence countries costs 1.4 billion USD every year. This amount is expected to rise to 2.3 billion by year 2047 if the fight against the practice is not maintained or improved.

It is a violation of the human rights of girls and women and should therefore be stopped

Governments, organizations, institutions and individuals at various levels must come together with one voice against the practice of female genital mutilation

One thought on “Health Consequences Of Female Genital Mutilation

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *